Ever confused a berry with a fruit or treated a fruit as a vegetable? If you have you're definitely not alone. It's easy to confuse the difference between a fruit and a vegetable, especially when it comes to cooking.
For culinary purposes fruits and vegetables can often confuse cooks, masquerading as either, or both, depending on sweetness and preferred cooking techniques.
But scientifically speaking, there are actually a great many differences between fruits and vegetables, and that's not to mention berries and fungi, and don't even get us started on accessory fruits.
Let's take a closer look at how to avoid the most common mistakes..
What is the Difference Between a Fruit and a Vegetable?
What is a fruit?
As a general rule all fruits contain seeds.
What is a vegetable?
If something comes from the leaves, stems or roots, then we are talking vegetables.
Still confused? SciShow host Hank Green gives a fun explanation about what makes a fruit a fruit, a vegetable a vegetable and a capsicum ... a berry.
That said it's not always clear cut, and it's very easy to make common mistakes with popular fruit and vegetables that can be ambiguous.
Here's the lowdown on identifying 10 top fruits and vegetables, and those in between.
1. Mushrooms ... are neither fruit nor vegetable
Most experts know that mushrooms are neither a plant nor a fruit; they don't come from flowers, they also have neither seeds nor roots and don't need light to grow. Mushrooms are, in fact, fungi.
Olives are born from the seeds of olive trees, making them easy to define as a fruit. However, when it comes to culinary use they are commonly treated more like a vegetable in savoury cooking due to their bitter or salty taste.
Aubergine are technically fruits, and can be further classified as berries and contain numerous soft seeds that can be eaten. Aubergines are also usually cooked before eating, making them easily confused as a vegetable.
6. Okra ... is a fruit
We're sorry to disappoint you, but although okra is very much treated as a vegetable, both for its cooking and flavour profile, it's actually a fruit.
7. Capsicums ... are a berry
Peppers are confusing in that they are most commonly treated as a vegetable in the kitchen, but in fact are neither a vegetable nor a fruit, but a berry. They come from a single ovary and have multiple seeds.
8. Pumpkin...is a fruit
Pumpkins contains seeds, even if extremely large, making them easily recongisable as a fruit even if cooked as a vegetable.
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