Gratinated, with a little vinaigrette or even cooked into a tart, artichokes are always a pleasure. This spiny seasonal delicacy with a tender heart can however sometimes a mystery to budding cooks, especially when cooking whole artichokes.
Fine Dining Lovers explains how to cook whole artichokes in four different ways.
How to boil whole artichokes?
Here's how to cook an artichoke with water: -
- First detach the first leaves and break the stem off
- Rub the base of the artichoke with half a lemon to stop oxidation
- Then dip the whole artichoke in a large saucepan (or casserole) of salt water and lemon
- Bring to a boil and cook for 30 minutes for white artichokes; 10 minutes more for purple artichokes.
How to Steam Artichokes?
Cooking an artichoke - or any other food - with steam can maintain its nutritional qualities. Here's how to go about it:
- Break the stem and put lemon on the base of the artichoke
- Remove the tough outer leaves
- Pour a little water into the steamer and heat up
- Place the artichoke in the basket steamer and cook for 15 to 20 minutes.
How to cook artichokes in a pressure cooker?
To cook a whole artichoke in a pressure cooker is very simple and effective:
- Break the stem and the first leaves and lemon the base
- Place the artichoke in the pressure cooker filled with lemon and salted water
- Lock the pressure cooker and heat until it is hot
- Allow 15 minutes before releasing the pressure
- Drain and serve hot or cold
How to cook artichokes in the microwave?
Yes, it is even possible to cook an artichoke with a simple microwave. Here's how:
- Remove the stem and the first leaves and lemon the base
- Wrap the artichoke in a microwaveable plastic film
- Heat at maximum power for 5 minutes.
In each of the 4 cases, check if the artichoke is cooked by inserting a knife into the bottom of the vegetable. It must sink in easily. If it doesn't, cook for a few minutes longer.
Consume your artichokes within 24 hours after cooking to enjoy it at its best.