There are at least 11 types of pizza in the world. Tarte Flambée in France, Bulgogi pizza in South Korea, Deep-dish from Chicago and also Sfiha from Lebanon, Syria and later Brazil: discover all different kinds of pizza from all over the world.
The most classic of all pizza’s is hard to beat and while it is the also the simplest, the combination of mozzarella, tomato sauce and basil make it, for many, the beast. Legend says that the recipe was invented by invented in 1889 by Raffaele Esposito, chef at Pizzeria Brandi, to honour the Queen of Italy, Margherita of Savoy. Hence the three colours – red white and green to match the Italian flag.
Again there is a legend around the invention of Sfincione which is said to have been created by the by the nuns of San Vito's monastery in Palermo, as an alternative to bread for feast days. The name comes from Sicilian dialect ‘sfincia’, meaning ‘soft’.
Originating in Alsace, Belgium and Germany the tarte flambée, is very much like a pizza but the name comes from French which means ‘cooked in embers’. This type of pizza was only eaten by farmers and didn’t make it to the restaurant table until the 60s.
The Korean twist on the Italian staple take the original and adds flavours that appeal to the Korean sensibility Bulgogi, is a type of skewer cooked meat and pizza’s often include capsicum, wasabi ranch and onion.
Deep dish pizza
This Neapolitan style pizza hails from Chicago and is said to have appeared in the Windy City in 1943 with the opening of Pizzeria Uno as a way to serve retuning GI’s with the pizza they had come to love while on duty in Italy.
Plain slice pizza
New Yorkers love their pizza and their preference is for a super-0thin and wide slice with cheese and tomato. Generally eaten folded over and on the street corner.
khachapuri is a traditional Georgian cheese-filled leavened bread that dates back to the 12t century making it possibly older than Italian pizza. Some consider it the original proto-pizza, but keep that to yourself.
Associated with the Turks who made a type of flatbread to wrap their meat with. The earliest evidence of it can be traced to the 17th century, when Evliya Çelebi visited Damascus and wrote about “lahm-ı acînlı börek,” in his travelogue 'Seyahatname'.
Also known as the ‘Arab pizza’ the sfiha is a flatbread that is covered with meat, usually lamb or beef. Immigrants brought the sfiha to Brazil and Argentina, where they remain very popular today.
The Argentine pizza is believed to have been invented by Genovese-Argentine pizza maker named Juan Banchero sometime between 1893 and 1932, it includes onions and cheese, no sauce or anything else.
A Japanese street food, it comes from the funoyaki, which was a kind of sweet pancake eaten during Buddhist ceremonies, from the 16th century. The savoury version is said to have gained popularity in Osaka and especially in Hiroshima as a cheap food in the aftermath of the bombing of the city in 1945.