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At Kungas Can Cook, a café in Alice Springs serving food like burgers, salads, ice teas, pies and brownies, Aboriginal owner Rayleen Brown has made it her lifework to showcase indigenous ingredients. In the evenings she hosts groups for a gourmet dinner that starts with a large platter of bush tucker, - native Australian ingredients that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders have been using for generations. “The plants have stories, we were taught the stories when we were young. It’s tied in with The Creation, our dreamtime stories,” Rayleen explains.
At the dinners, she may serve seared kangaroo fillet with Quandong plum glaze, Warrigal greens, lamb with a saltbush dukkah, desert lime curd tarts and bush tomato chocolate truffles. “Me and a group of the women, we went to Sydney and we knocked on the door [of Noma] and we said ‘Hi. We are the women who grow your ingredients.’ They were so taken aback,” she says. “Rene Redzepi wasn’t there. It was a Monday and they were closed but the chefs were prepping. And we showed them what was in our basket. We collected plants they hadn’t seen before.”
Rayleen’s café is stocked with home-made bush tomato relish, Quangdong jam, bush tucker muesli, dukkah, pepperberries and ground wattle seed, that though very expensive, can be used to make coffee or desserts. In her kitchen, she grinds the wattle seeds in nothing more than a spice grinder – a laborious and exacting task.
Ben Shewry serves kangaroo with wattle seeds at Attica in Melbourne, you’ll find chicken liver parfait with wattle seeds at Jock Zonfrillo’s Orana in Adelaide and at Wildflower in Perth, a wattle seed cream is served with the whipped chocolate dessert. Indigenous ingredients are the stars on many famous Australian restaurant menus and yet the Aboriginal cooks who first used them and continue to do so, receive little recognition.
A Chef Ahead of His Time
Television chef Mark Olive (The Black Olive), who’s been on screen since 1994 and was the first Aboriginal chef with a cooking show in 2010, has seen this first hand. Olive’s blend of charisma and intelligence has enchanted audiences for years, but admits that much more can be done to support Aboriginal chefs. He’s currently hosting On Country Kitchen with Aboriginal comedian Derek Nannup, cooking up indigenous ingredients.
Olive famously opened The Midden, a Sydney restaurant serving up native ingredients back in 1996 – ahead of its time in many respects. “This was when customers didn’t want to eat kangaroo – it was just too foreign for them!” he says. “With the indigenous herbs and spices, I was able to get some. I’d pick wild berries and lilly pilly. We were using lemon myrtle and wattle seed. But people did not understand it.”
Fast forward twenty years and there are small farms and growers like Mike and Gayle Quarmby of Outback Pride Fresh who supply restaurants across the country. Few people know about the Aboriginal women in the desert, for example, who harvest the natural herbs and bush tomatoes though, often getting paid a pittance, Rayleen explains during a bush walk.
Hope in Sydney
Aunty Beryl Van-Oploo, an Aboriginal elder and lecturer co-owns Biri Biri Café in Redfern, Sydney, a suburb of historical significance to the Aboriginal community. At the local cooking school at the National Centre for Indigenous Excellence, and at 75-years of age, she continues to work with Aboriginal youth – those deemed to have little future in the mainstream system. Many of the students, like Keith Quayle, work at the café, to gain valuable experience before they leave to the hospitality and tourism industry across Australia.
"This is the goal, Aunty Beryl says, to equip these young people with skills to create a successful career in hospitality". Biri Biri Café, like her previous restaurant Garden Lodge Café in Victoria Park, serves bush tucker. “Bush tucker is everything that grows here naturally, indigenous to the land,” says Aunty Beryl. “What people don’t know is that most of the foods we use have medicinal properties. Take the lemon myrtle – that’s for a sore throat.” She calls finger lime “Aboriginal caviar”.
At 16, after her mother died, Aunty Beryl moved to Sydney to work as a nanny. At the age of 31, working as a cook for a nursery school, she was given the opportunity to study teaching. She grabbed the chance and studied nutrition, a subject she’s passionate about, simultaneously. Rene Redzepi consulted with her in 2015 before he opened Noma in Sydney. “I have an invitation to the new restaurant, when he opens again in Copenhagen,” she says. “If I can, I want to go.”