Food & Drinks

Defining 26 Culture's Cuisines by the Ingredients they Use

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Defining 26 Culture's Cuisines by the Ingredients they Use
Photo Enric Martinez / Flickr

What are the defining characteristics of a culture's cuisine?

It's no easy task, but Priceconomics have given it go by distinguishing between different cuisines simply using ingredients.

Using a dataset of 26 styles of cuisine from 13,000 recipes posted on Epicurious in 2013 they have presented their findings (shown below).

Whilst the view is through an Americancentric lens, the results show there is a clear difference between the most common ingredients found in different types of cuisine. Perhaps unsurprising news, but a closer look sheds interesting light.

Cooking lubricants are the most commonly used ingredient in most cuisines although there is a clear divide between the use of olive oil and butter.  Regional differences also come into play between northern European countries preference for butter compared with olive oil coming out top in Mediterranean style cuisine, (appearing in 80% of recipes.)

Cayenne apppears to be the most commonly used ingredient of all appearing in 81% of Southwestern dishes.

Interestingly eggs appear to be one of the most commonly used ingredients in Jewish cuisine at 59%.

Have a look at the table below to see which percentage of recipes include the most commonly listed ingredient:

Data: courtesy of Dan Kopf, Priceonomics; Data: Epicurious

Secondly Priceconomics looked at ingredients which are most likely to appear in the recipes of certain types of cuisine. 

Defining ingredients include, Feta cheese in Greek cuisine, Avocado in Mexican, Galangal in Thai food and sesame oil in Asian food. Seemingly sterotypical of these global cuisines,  English/Scottish food has conversely come out as containing alot of currants, which might be news to a nation!

Perhaps you can spot some of your favourite ingredients, and why you gravitate towards a certain type of cuisine.

Data: Courtesy of Dan Kopf, Priceonomics; Data: Epicurious

We hope you enjoyed this food for thought, and perhaps you have your own theories?

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