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Even the dictionary definition of caviar doesn't do it any justice. Described simply as "the pickled roe of sturgeon or other large fish" these words fail to capture the exuberance and luxury behind this world-renowned delicacy.
Salty, grainy and flavorful, proper caviar, which is harvested from sturgeon found in the Caspian Sea, melts in your mouth like butter with a lingering flavor of ocean water, according to experts.
Caviar Fun Fact #1
Did you know the word caviar is not Russian? Russians call it ikra but the word itself hails from the Turkish havyar which comes from khayah, the Persian word for egg.
Caviar Fun Fact #2
The oldest written account of caviar dates back to the 1240s during the epoch of Mongol ruler Batu Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan.
Caviar Fun Fact #3
Most of the world's caviar is produced in the Caspian Sea, which is bordered by Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, and Iran.
Caviar Fun Fact #4
The people who make caviar are called Ikrjanschik. Before making it they must undergo an apprenticeship that lasts anywhere from 10 to 15 years.
Caviar Fun Fact #5
The world's best caviar is produced from three varieties of sturgeon: Beluga sturgeon (Beluga), Russian sturgeon (Osetra), and Stellate sturgeon (Sevruga).
Caviar Fun Fact #6
Real caviar ranges in color from light to dark gray and yellow-gray to brown-black. Red 'caviar' doesn't come from sturgeon, it is actually salmon roe.
Caviar Fun Fact #7
Serving caviar with silver utensils is a sin, as the metal adversely affects the flavor of this delicacy, Instead, use spoons made with mother of pearl.
Caviar Fun Fact #8
The highest quality of Beluga caviar is called Almas, which means “diamond” in Russian. It is sold only by London’s Caviar House and is packaged in a round, 24 karat gold box, costing around 40,000 euros per kilo.
Caviar Fun Fact #9
Although it is high in sodium and cholesterol, caviar is rich in calcium and phosphorus, as well as protein, selenium, iron, magnesium, and Vitamins B12 and B6.
Caviar Fun Fact #10
Caviar should never be frozen, as it will end up mushy. It is best served in a crystal or glass bowl over ice.